||Research Coordinator: Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide Project, MDRU, UBC.
||Senior Research Associate: Mineral Exploration Research Institute, McGill University: VMS deposits and volcanic stratigraphy of the Noranda camp; Precambrian iron-formations and clastic sedimentation.
||NSERC University Research Fellowship (oceanic mineral deposits; research cruises).
||NATO Postdoctoral Fellowship (Deep Sea Drilling Project; ophiolites).
||D.Phil. on "Origin of Bedded Cherts Overlying Ophiolite Rocks in the Italian North Apennines and Implications of the Ophiolite-Pelagic Sediment Sequence for Seafloor Processes".
||M.Sc. on "The Solubility of Sphalerite and Galena in NaCl Brines up to 95°C".